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Thread: From Ectrims on slowing brain atrophy

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    Distinguished Community Member Lazarus's Avatar
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    Default From Ectrims on slowing brain atrophy

    Default STUDY: Brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis could be ameliorated by aerobic exercise
    Get out there and crank it as best you can, folks. Your brain and health depend on it. - D

    Brain atrophy in multiple sclerosis could be ameliorated by aerobic exercise

    ECTRIMS Online Library. Savsek L. Oct 25, 2017; 199869Abstract: EP1849
    Type: ePoster
    Abstract Category: Therapy - symptomatic - 35 Enhancing CNS plasticity

    Objective: Although most disease modifying drugs exert high antiinflammatory effect on multiple sclerosis (MS), their neuroprotective effect is still rather unclear and is subject to many clinical studies. However, even less is known about additional neuroprotective and regenerative strategies in MS. Previous studies on elderly populations and Alzheimer´s disease patients suggest a beneficial effect of exercise on neurodegeneration. The aim of present study is to test the effect of aerobic exercise as a strategy to ameliorate functional disability and brain atrophy progression on patients with MS.

    Subjects and methods: A group of 25 age- and sex-matched patients with MS, treated with fingolimod for ≥6 months, no relapses within 3 months prior to start of study and EDSS < = 6,5, were randomized into intervention group (IG; n=12) and control group (CG; n=13). Intervention consisted of 12 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise twice a week (60 minutes´ duration).
    Baseline 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at start of study and follow-up at study end. Volumetric analysis of brain structures was performed on baseline MRI and corresponding regional atrophy changes were calculated between baseline and followup MRI scans using automated brain segmentation and deformation analysis techniques (MS Markers; ms.quantim.eu).
    Additionally, we measured walking speed with 10-Meter Walk Test, resting state brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), interleukin-6 (IL6) and interleukin-2 (IL2) serum levels.

    Results: Exercise improved EDSS score and walking speed in IG, while in CG a slight worsening of both measures was detected, but none of these changes were significant. Statistically significant increase in volume of parahippocampal (p=0,001) and precentral gyrus (p=0,048), thalamus (p=0,039) and frontal lobe (p=0,026) was found in IG compared to CG. After 12 weeks, resting state BDNF levels were significantly higher in the IG (p=0,004) compared to baseline, while in CG only a mild, but not significant, increase was observed (p=0,8). Levels of IL6 and IL2 remained stable in both groups.

    Conclusion: Our study supports findings from previous studies that certain brain structures remain pliable throughout lifetime and can be modified through simple techniques, like aerobic exercise. Results suggest that regional brain atrophy, reflecting the neurodegenerative process, could be ameliorated by promoting aerobic exercise among patients with MS.
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    Distinguished Community Member BBS1951's Avatar
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    Sure would like a list of aerobic exercises that are doable!

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    Distinguished Community Member agate's Avatar
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    This clinical trial lists a few they are using in the trial:

    The exercise intervention will contain 6 months of aerobic training (bicycling, rowing and cross trainer) performed two times a week at moderate to high intensity and under supervision.
    Rowing??? I wasn't ever up to much rowing even long before MS was diagnosed...

    https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02661555
    MS diagnosed 1980. Avonex 2002-2005. Copaxone 6/07 - 5/10.
    Member of this MS board since 2001.

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    Bicycling, rowing and cross training.

    I could do some stationary bicycling and I used to enjoy rowing.

    ANN
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    Distinguished Community Member agate's Avatar
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    I was doing stationary bicycling as a very substantial part of the last course of PT I had, about a year and a half ago.
    MS diagnosed 1980. Avonex 2002-2005. Copaxone 6/07 - 5/10.
    Member of this MS board since 2001.

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    Distinguished Community Member BBS1951's Avatar
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    Can no longer row, bike . What’s cross training?

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    Distinguished Community Member agate's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by BBS1951 View Post
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    Can no longer row, bike . What’s cross training?
    Wikipedia says this about it:

    Cross-training in sports and fitness involves combining exercises to work various parts of the body. Often one particular activity works certain muscle groups, but not others; cross-training aims to eliminate this imbalance.
    I think it refers more to people who have a particular sport they're concentrating on, like running, and they are supposed to benefit by training that works other muscle groups, and so they try a sport or sports that will do that.
    MS diagnosed 1980. Avonex 2002-2005. Copaxone 6/07 - 5/10.
    Member of this MS board since 2001.

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